THE MILESIAN IRISH GENEALOGIES
Most of the Irish are descended from one of the three sons of Milesius
who had issue. This is the Milesian genealogy of HEBER from whom the Dorreens are descended
Before writing was widespread in Ireland, a class of men were trained
to memorize the hereditary history of their clan and all the descendants
from the founder or progenitor without error or ommission. They were
King Cormac Mac Art, in the third century of the Christian era, ordered
the history of the Irish nation to be compiled. This work was called
"The Psalter of Tara". From this and other more recent works, "The
Psalter of Cashel" was written in the ninth century. The original of
this is in a London museum.
After Christianity came in the 5th century, the monks recorded all of the
history and pedigrees they could find. Most hereditary surnames only came into
use in the tenth century, by command of the illustrious King Brian Boru. The harp
believed to be his, is in the Trinity college museum in Dublin, Ireland.
In the 5th century, St Patrick was one of the nine personages appointed
by the triennial parliment of Tara to review, examine, and purge errors
from all the chronicles, genealogies, and records of the Kingdom.
The numbers on this list are supposed to be the generations of
descendants from the first man, Adam. The monks are believed to
be responsible for extending the pedigrees back that far and that list
from Adam to Milesius can be found if desired. This list begins with
Milesius. Some historians believe Irish pedigrees are fairly accurate back
to the 6th or possibly the 5th century.
Dates have not survived along with many of these names, but by
checking through other pedigrees and noting dates of others close to
the number of your ancestor, you can estimate the approximate date of
when the first person to bear your clan name lived. Number 103 is about
the year 900 A.D.. (using an average of 3 generations per century).
THE ANNALS OF THE FOUR MASTERS
Compiled in the years 1632-1636 at the convent of Donegal, by the chief
author, Michael O'Clery, a monk of the order of St. Francis, after a
search of fifteen years throughout the country for the most important of
the Irish documents.
NOTE: The ANCESTOR of a Clan, as referred to here, is one who begins a
branch off the main stem that leads to the founder of that Clan's name.
36. MILESIUS OF SPAIN; (GAUL) A valiant warrior, prosperous in all his
undertakings. He was contemporary with Solomon. He planned to invade
Ireland to avenge the death of his uncle, ITHE, killed by the
TUATHA-DE-DANANS, and also to fulfill a prophesy. His eight sons took on
the charge after his death.
37. HEREMON; IR; HEBER; The three sons of MILESIUS. HEREMON was the
seventh son, but the third of these three that left issue. Five were
killed in landing upon the treacherous coast, including IR. AMERGIN, who
was a Druid, was one of the three brothers who survived. HEREMON and his
eldest brother HEBER were jointly, the first Milesian monarchs of
Ireland. They began to reign in 1699 B.C., the first of one hundred
eighty three Kings or sole Monarchs of the Gaelic, Milesian, or Scottish
race that governed Ireland, successively, for two thousand eight hundred
and eighty five years from the first year of their reign, to the
submission to the Crown of England; King Henry the II; who was also of
the Milesian race by his mother Maude, of lineal decent from Fergus Mor
MacEarca, first King of Scotland, a descendant of HEREMON. HEBER was
slain by HEREMON in a quarrel, caused by their wives. AMERGIN was also
slain by HEREMON over an argument over territory.
LINE OF HEBER
Heber is the line from which Brian Boru comes, as do:
Brady, Brennan, Carroll, Casey, Clancy, Coghlan, Connell, Cullen, Doran (O'Doran, Dorreen, Dorrian, Dorrien),
Hagerty, Hickey, Hogan, Kearny, Kelleher, Kennedy, Lynch, Lyons, Lysaght, McCarthy,
MacGrath, MacMahon, Macnamara, Moroney, Moloney, O'Brien (10 different
pedigrees), O'Callaghan, Collins, O'Connor, O'Corcoran, Daly, Donoghue,
Donovan, Flanagan, O'Gara, O'Grady, O'Hara, O'Keeffe, Liddy, Mahony,
Meagher, O'Meara, O'Neill, O'Sullivan, Plunkett, Power (o'Poir), Quin, Quaile, Ring,
Shannon, Slattery, Stewart, Tracey - to name a few.
38. Conmaol; 12th Monarch c.1650 BC
39. Eochaidh Faobhar Glas; 17th Monarch c.1492 BC
40. Eanna Airgthach; 21st Monarch c.1409 BC
46. Munmoin; 25th Monarch c.1332 BC. Ordained his Nobles to wear gold necklaces.
47. Fualdergoid; 26th Monarch, c.1327 BC, ordered his Nobles to wear gold rings.
48. Cas Cedchaingnigh; Revised the study of the laws, poetry, and sciences
which had become little practised since the death of Amergin the Druid.
49. Failbhe Iolcorach; Ordered stone walls be built between neighbors'lands.
51. Rotheachta; 35th Monarch c.1030 BC
52. Eiliomh Ollfhionach
53. Art Imleach; 38th Monarch c.1013 BC
54. Breas Rioghacta; 40th Monarch c.961 BC
55. Seidnae Innaridh; 43rd Monarch, c.929 BC, and first to pay his soldiers and put them
under disipline. Previously their pay was what they could get from their enemies.
56. Duach Fionn; died B.C. 893
57. Eanna Dearg; 47th Monarch, c.892 BC, died suddenly, with most of his retinue,
adoring their gods at Sliabh Mis, B.C. 880.
58. Lughaidh Iardhonn
60. Lughaidh; died B.C. 831
61. Art; 54th Monarch c.811 BC, slain by his successor, uncle of the 53rd Monarch
62. Olioll Fionn
64. Lughaidh Lagha; died 730
65. Reacht Righ-dearg; 65th Monarch, c.653 BC, so called the Red King due to his
having a hand in the slaying of Queen Macha of the line of Ir. The only woman
who was a Monarch of Ireland. He subdued the Pictish nation in Scotland. Died B.C. 633.
66. Cobthach Caomh
69. Adhamhra Foltcain; died B.C. 412
70. Niadhsedhaman; 83rd Monarch cc.319 BC. In his time, through "the sorcery and
witchcraft of his mother, the wild deer were usually driven home with the
cows and tamely suffered themselves to be milked every day".
71. Ionadmaor; 87th Monarch c.218
72. Lughaidh Luaighne; 89th Monarch cc.198 BC
73. Cairbre Lusgleathan
74. Duach Dalladh Deadha; 91st Monarch c.168 BC
75. Eochaidh Garbh
76. Muireadach Muchna
77. Mofebhis; his wife. (A mistake here that O'Clery decided to leave as is.
She was entered in the Irish Regal Roll instead of her son, Loich, and
O'Clery did not choose to disrupt the sequence of numbers.)
78. Loich Mor
79. Eanna Muncain
80. Dearg Theine; He had a competitor, Darin, in the Kingdom of Munster, of
the line of Ithe. Ithe was the uncle of Milesius and the first
(Milesian) discoverer of Ireland. They took turns being Monarch with the other one
being governor of civil affairs.
82. Magha Neid
83. Eoghan Mor [Owen Mor] or, Eugene The Great. A wise prince and great
warrior. He battled continually with "Conn of The Hundred Battles", the
110th Monarch in A.D. 122. Finally they divided the Kingdom into equal
parts. He was eventually slain by Conn.
84. Olioll Olum. His second son, Cormac Cas, branches off to BRIAN BORU.
Olioll Married the daughter of Conn, who had slain his father. She was a
widow of a chief of Conn's territory and her son demanded of Olioll that
he should benefit from the agreement of their ancestors. Olioll refused
and banished Maccon out of Ireland. He retired to Scotland and there
soon collected a strong party of friends and relations. With the help of his
Ireland relations he made war upon Olioll. The Monarch Art-Ean-Fhear's
forces joined Olioll in the great and memorable battle against Maccon at
Magh Mucromha, near Athenry, where Art and seven of Olioll's nine sons,
by Sabina, died. Their army was totally defeated. By this victory, Maccon
recovered his right to the Kingdom of Munster, and became Monarch for 30
years, leaving the Kingdom of Munster to his stepfather Olioll Olum,
undisturbed. Olioll had two sons left, Cormac Cas and Cian. Olioll
learned that after the death of his son Owen Mor, a son had been born to
him named Feach. From Cormac Cas came the O'Briens, MacMahons,
O'Kennedys and other nobility of Thomond. From Owen Mor came M'Carthy, O'Sullivan,
O'Keeffe, and the nobility of Desmond. From Cian came O'Carroll,
O'Meagher, O'Hara, O'Gara, etc.
85. Owen Mor
86. Fiacha (or Feach) Maolleathan
87. Olioll Flann-beag; King of Munster for 30 years
89. Corc; from him the city Cork was named. To shun the unnatural love of
his stepmother, he fled in his youth to Scotland where he married the
daughter of the King of the Picts. One of his several sons was Main Leamhna who
remained in Scotland and was ancestor of "Mor Mhoar Leamhna" i.e., Great
Stewards of Lennox; from whom descended the Kings of Scotland and
England of the Stewart or Stuart Dynasty.
91. Aongus or Aeneas; first Christian King of Munster, had 24 sons and 24
daughters. This King was baptised by St. Patrick. Offering to plant his Staff, or
Crozier in the ground, the Saint accidently pierced the foot of Aeneas,
whereby he lost much blood; but thinking this was a part of the
ceremony, he patiently endured it until the Saint was done. (But this same story is also told:
"Eochaidh, son of Fiachra, son of Eoghan, was baptised with Eoghan; during
the ceremony the Apostle's Staff is said to have accidently pierced the
naked foot of of the prince.")
92. Felim; second Christian King of Munster
93. Crimthann 125th Monarch A.D. 365
94. Aodh Dubh [Duff]; reigned 15 years
95. Failbhe Flann. Reigned 40 years. He had a brother Fingin who reigned
before him and there is dispute as who was the eldest. Because of this
the Heber line ends here and splits off to MacCarthy from Failbhe, and
O'Sullivan from Fingin.